Other minerals are toxic even in tiny amounts, leading to nerve dysfunction and memory loss, a weakened immune system, and even kidney damage. Furthermore, Iago’s attitude towards the women, Desdemona, Emilia and Bianca reflects the Venetian misogynistic streak. The first Act of the play takes place in Venice, and whilst Othello’s and Desdemona’s secret marriage occupies her father, Brabantio, the Duke is holding a conference to consider their response to what they see as Turkish aggression towards Cyprus. Iago’s echoes irritate Othello who comes close, despite himself, to divining Iago’s true nature: “By heaven, he echoes me, As if there were some monster in his thought Too hideous to be shown. “Go provide thy money”, which, as the audience knows, in part, from the outset, is to avoid the plight of becoming “cashiered” when old and useless. What is “the thought whereof/ Doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards”? Iago reflects the racial views of Venetian society when he typecasts Othello as an animal, a ram, a horse, an ass. Alternatively, and this is the crux, Iago prefers to become the type that has “some soul”, and who indulges himself in the “shows of service on their lords” in order to “line(d) their coats”. Also, he is often in darkness which reflects his disruptive tendencies. Desdemona is convinced that she is acting appropriately when she informs Othello that his lieutenant is one “that truly loves you, That errs in ignorance, and not in cunning”. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. / Why To his desperation, Roderigo has not received any sign of “comfort” from Desdemona and certainly no sense of hope. “I could never better stead thee than now. And these qualities also endear him to Desdemona. The colloquial terms and animalistic imagery reveal his wish to have Cassio “on the hip” and to “abuse him to the Moor”. Contemptuously, Iago deliberately seeks to “put the Moor into a jealousy so strong/That judgement cannot cure”, which reflects Iago’s determination to cuckold and subdue Othello, aiming in the process to morally deprive him of his sanity, until “wife for wife” he evens the score: “And nothing can, or shall, content my soul, Till I am evened with him”. In Act 3, Scene IV, the symbolic and narrative function of “the handkerchief”, is revealed as Othello’s emotional intensity and cultural difference come to the fore. Likewise, Othello is convinced of Iago’s trust, “for I know thou’rt full of love and honesty”, which ironically occurs after Iago stumbles as Othello divulges the full extent of Cassio’s “counsel” in bringing the two lovers together. As a complex antagonist, Iago’s jealousy encroaches upon the theme of public office, as Othello’s “constant, loving, noble nature” impugns Iago’s and reminds him of his inferior public position. [CDATA[ Iago insinuates that he does not understand the ways of Venetian women (“Look to your wife”) and that he is “defective” when it comes to social mores and manners. 'The thought whereof/doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards' Act 2, Scene 1, 318-319 Poison is a recurrent imagery throughout the play. He also tells the Moor that the father thought that Othello had bewitched her. There is something mysterious in his descent from men of royal siege; in his wanderings in vast deserts and among marvellous peoples; in his tales of magic handkerchiefs and prophetic sibyls; in the sudden vague glimpses we get of numberless battles and sieges”. Iago’s evil and manipulative side becomes particularly apparent in his soliloquys and asides to the audience. Didst not mark that?” Eventually, Iago changes Roderigo from a love-torn person into a possible murderer. As Iago notes, “In sleep I heard him (Cassio) say: Sweet Desdemona., Let us be wary, let us hid our loves’.” And although Iago dismissively suggests it “was but his dream”, Othello is forever ready to interpret this as a “foregone conclusion”. I'm just having some troubling understanding exactly … Iago tells Montano that Cassio, regularly drinks every night. He pesters Emilia for the handkerchief and unknowingly she betrays her mistress when this handkerchief is planted in Cassio’s room. Though teachest me!”. For this reason, Othello defers to Iago and believes that he shows “exceeding honesty”. On the one hand, racist stereotypes reveal a character who has duped the “fair” Desdemona. Interestingly, Coloradoite may be mined for its tellurium content because tellurium readily combines with gold, accounting for a bizarre gold rush in Kalgoorie, Australia. For example he tells the Moor, “she did deceive her father, marrying you, And when she seemed to shake, and fear your looks, She loved them most.” (3/3). Scene 1. Othello believes that “this fellow’s of exceeding honesty” and is wise in “human dealings”, especially when Iago offers his love, and confesses that his deepest fault is “too much loving you”. He separates and divides them so that he breaks the carefully “tuned” nature of their relationships. Iago ensure he is. The Duke says that Othello is “far more fair than black”, which is a reference to his nobility of character that is not confined to his skin colour. Iago. (Again his racial disadvantage perhaps exacerbates the emphasis he places on honour and bravery.) Follow though these wars; defeat thy favour with an usurped beard. The jewels you have had from me to deliver to Desdemona would half have corrupted a votarist.”, Whilst Iago will completely unhinge the Moor, he also drives Roderigo to distraction. He knows that he has the trust of the Moor, and so “the better shall my purpose work on him”. Crocidolite, also known as blue asbestos, is considered by many to be the worlds most dangerous mineral. Shakespeare suggests here that men use women only for a short time – “tis not a year or two shows us a man” – and quickly proceed with everyday life. “Come, my dear love, The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue; That profit’s yet to come ‘tween me and you” Othello gestures Desdemona for, consummation which raises the misogynistic perceptions as women being. By marrying Desdemona, he “thus triggers in Iago the racist compulsion to reduce him to a gibbering beast in order to sustain belief in his own superiority, in order to rebuild the pyramid of difference which the couple have demolished at a stroke.”, For some critics, Othello reveals the “beautiful and terrifying nakedness, the primitive energies that are the substance of our own erotic lives” (Arthur Kirsch), But Kiernan also believes that “Othello is the exposure of a white barbarian who tries to turn an infinitely more civilised black man into his image of the kind of creature a Moor should be.” (89). From a symbolic perspective, the handkerchief is a marker of Othello’s cultural difference as it is given to his mother from ‘an Egyptian” who “was a charmer and could almost read/The thoughts of people”. For example, Othello is the “beast with two backs”, the “Barbary horse”. (88). Montano steps in as an attempt to restrain Cassio but is injured by Cassio. Iago and Roderigo agree to be “conjunctive in our revenge” which includes, on Iago’s part, a chance to make some money. And so secure is he, that he allows Desdemona to defend her own choice to her father. (“Damned as thou art, thou has enchanted her,” he tells Othello. Shakespeare demonstrates that its loss would destroy trust wherein “my father’s eye / Should hold her (my mother) loathed”. The mere thought of a union between Desdemona and Othello gives rise to racist and bestial images. “So that if we plant nettles or sow lettuce, set hyssop and weed up thyme, supply with one gender of herbs or distract it with manure, either to have it sterile with idleness or manured with industry, why the power and corrigible authority this lies in our wills.”. “Conjunctive in our revenge”: sexual jealousy, but of whom? If poisonous minerals, and if that tree / Whose fruit threw death on else immortal us, / If lecherous goats, if serpents envious / Cannot be damned, alas, why should I be? Iago in his conversation with Montano, he stains Cassio’s character by, stating that even though he is an excellent soldier, he has a big weakness, which could bring problems to Cyprus. OTHELLO: Iago plays on his role as an outsider – both racially, culturally and socially. Privacy What possible interpretation can you offer for lines 8-10? Put money in thy purse. Just as Othello suffers from racist stereotypes, the chauvinistic members of Venetian society believe that Desdemona could not willingly have chosen the Moor for a husband. This gustatory image alludes to a faithless, whore-like demeanour, although Iago expressly distances himself from a love for her based on “absolute lust”. Iago’s reference to Cassio’s sleep-talk unsettles Othello and paves the way for the handkerchief. Similarly, Shakespeare’s choice of adjectives demonstrates Iago’s passionate fascination with “the lusty Moor”, envious as he is of his heroic status as a “dear husband” to the affectionate Desdemona. Ironically, Othello will use the handkerchief as a misplaced sign of proof. For Roderigo, Desdemona is “full of most blessed condition” and is thus pure, heavenly and innocent, yet for Iago, “the wine she drinks is made of grapes”. He is shamefully calculating and manipulative. “If you dare yourself a profit and a right”, Iago believes it would be possible to “take him (Cassio) at your pleasure” and be “satisfied”. He was too quick to presume that she was a cheap harlot as Iago wanted him to believe. It is also her loyalty that to both Cassio and Othello that becomes her biggest downfall. - W8930H from Alamy's library of millions of … Specifically, he takes advantage of the fact that Othello is an outsider and is insecure. Doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards; And nothing can or shall content my soul Till I am even'd with him, wife for wife, Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor At least into a jealousy so strong That judgment cannot cure. What letter is silent in gnaw? The dramatic irony underscores Othello’s naivety and his errors of judgement; it also exacerbates Iago’s devilish nature whilst enabling him to prosaically analyse the nature of jealousy. (Jeff Davis) "For that I do suspect the lusty moor hath leap'd into my seat : the thought whereof doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwards." Iago wants revenge on both Othello and Cassio! He sends out a “sign of love” which is but a camouflage for his hatred. Despite Iago’s sexual fascination for Othello, Iago cannot conceal his contempt for Othello as the outsider. Thus Iago weaves his manipulative deceit, which increasingly works against Roderigo until his untimely death. Nast. Iago manipulates the characters by winning and abusing their trust and by pretending (dissembling) often for the sake of it. As Shakespeare suggests, Othello not only spontaneously regards the handkerchief as a truth-telling sign, but he uses it to, erroneously, to confirm Iago’s assessment of Desdemona’s character. Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwards; 240: And nothing can or shall content my soul: Till I am even’d with him, wife for wife; Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor: At least into a jealousy so strong: That judgment cannot cure. That has such noble sense of thy friend’s wrong. Furthermore, the handkerchief also becomes a foreshadowing device highlighting the eventual destruction of the “monstrous birth” of Iago’s mind. Iago. Precious minerals make the modern world go 'round—they're used in everything from circuit boards to tableware. Summary Cartoon showing Jefferson Davis looking over his shoulder at Hiram Revels seated in the United States Senate. Contributor Names Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902, artist Created / Published 1870. “O brave Iago, honest and just. The reader sees both sides of Donne’s argument by recognizing this tone shift, which is evident if the first argument is understood. Othello alludes to the fact that once his jealousy was stimulated he became “perplexed in the extreme”. Which thing to do, Othello guided reading questions Josue Castaneda, High School Math Science And Engineering At Ccny, Othello characterisation and act summaries.pptx, Othello Discussion Questions Act Five.docx, High School Math Science And Engineering At Ccny • AP COMPSCI 302, Anthony Wayne High School • ENGLISH Senior Lit, Miami Killian Senior High School • ENGLISH 1105, Copyright © 2020. It eats away his sanity until jealousy consumes Iago into hateful manipulation. Iago also imagines that Cassio has done him an injury, “For I fear Cassio with my night-cap too”, which echoes Othello’s imagined tryst with Emilia and further cements a common goal with Roderigo. The fact that he has become completely incensed women become playthings in Iago ’ s wrong there no. Manipulative side becomes particularly apparent in his final self-assessment, Othello is too! 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