O-I Super- and Ultra-heavy Tanks. [4] Both types of tanks were still in active service in 1940, and additional vehicles and spare parts were obtained after the Japanese occupation of French Indochina. … At the time of this request, the biggest tank in Japan was the modest Type 95 Heavy Tank. ‘O-I’ was the chosen designation for a series of proposed super-heavy tanks to be used by the Japanese in the Pacific War. [74][75], The Type 1 was an early IJN experimental design that led to the Type 2 Ka-Mi, which was based on the Type 95 Ha-Go light tank. [61][62] Eventually, an 88 mm gun (based on the Type 99 88 mm AA Gun) was planned for the turret; a secondary weapon of a front hull-mounted Type 1 37 mm tank gun was fitted in the position normally taken by a machine gun. [48], The Type 4 medium tank Chi-To (四式中戦車 チト, Yonshiki chūsensha Chi-To) was one of several new medium and heavy tanks developed by the Imperial Japanese Army towards the end of World War II. ‘O-I’ was the chosen designation for a series of proposed super-heavy tanks to be used by the Japanese in the Pacific War. A team of engineers of the Technical Bureau participated in the development, including a young army officer, Major Tomio Hara. Adolf Hitler was a proponent of "war winning" weapons and supported projects like the 188 tonne Maus, and even larger 1,000 tonne Landkreuzer P. 1000 Ratte. The gun was a 105mm with a relatively short barreled gun. However, the newer tanks were not available as these countries had difficulties supplying them to their own armored forces, and the only available model was the older Renault FT.[2] The Japanese reluctantly imported the Renault FT tanks. According to Hara, the first tank on the agenda was to develop a medium main battle tank. [58] The tank had a Type 97 heavy tank machine gun mounted in the hull and a ball mount on the side of the turret for a second one. The Japanese super-tank of WWII, it would have had a crew of 11 & weighed 100 tons. [43] Another variant known as the Type 2 Ke-To light tank, began production in 1944. On 22 December 1941 the Type 95 light tank earned the distinction of being the first tank to engage in tank vs tank combat with US manned American tanks (M3 Stuart light tanks in the Philippines) during World War II; and the only enemy tanks to have ever landed on North American soil during any war. However, the development of the Type 4 Chi-To was delayed, and a "stopgap tank" was needed. Nevertheless, the Japanese must have still seen some value in the multi-turret tank concept for their O-I tanks and continued in their design. Only one prototype was built. [21] The designation is also known as the Type 89 "I-Go" and sometimes transliterated "Yi-Go". The model is placed in a small diorama with 3 figures. 0.1 Super Heavy Tank Military Modelcraft International | August 2019. This set is the O-I in full color using Green, Tan and Reddish Brown parts. General Suzuki (chief of the Technical Bureau) protested at the Ministry of War decision to purchase foreign designs, which ultimately led to that decision being reversed. A special committee of the Imperial General Staff (Daihonei) worked on the feasibility of indigenous design and development of Japanese armor. [49], The Type 3 Chi-Nu medium tank was urgently developed to counter the American M4 Sherman medium tank. In 1939 Japanese officials began studying super heavy tanks based on the multi-turret design that was popular during the 1930s. [41], Even though the Hino Motors "Chi-Ni Model A" prototype was accepted after field trials as the new Type 98 light tank, series production did not begin until 1942. [28][29], Type 95 Ha-Go tanks served during the Battle of Khalkhin Gol (Nomonhan) against the Soviet Red Army in 1939,[30] against the British Army in Burma and India,[31] and throughout the Pacific Theater during World War II. The low priority given tanks, along with the raw material shortages meant that the Type 3 did not enter production until 1944. The armor was 200 mm at its maximum, and the tank had a top speed of 25 km/h. Its name was solely changed for this reason from T-28 to Gun Motor Carriage T95. Men of War Mondays - SECRET Japanese Heavy Tanks! The first had 2 12 cylinder BMW marine engines, with a not functionally cooling system. It’s the lowest Tier Heavy tank in the game and the first Heavy Tank in the Japanese Heavy Tank Line. It had two gasoline engines, and was armed with 1 x 105 mm cannon, 1 x Type 1 47 mm gun (in a forward-mounted sub-turret), and 3 x Type 97 7.7 mm machine guns (one mounted in a forward sub-turret and two in rear hull sub-turrets). This Japanese vehicle performance-wise is identical to the German Tiger E, but its firepower selection is identical to the Tiger H1. Japanese Super Heavy Type 2604's Turret Actually Existed. [16] The weight of the initial prototype and its low speed did not impress the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office, so a new requirement was issued for a lighter tank, with a nominal 10-short-ton (9.1-metric-ton) weight. The Japanese O-I experimental super heavy tank had three turrets and weighed 120 tons, more than any of the German Tiger tanks, but less than the 188 ton Maus or rival 140 ton E-100.. The newer tank proved to be superior to the Type 97 in design, speed and armor protection. One thing I noticed looking at the kit instructions is if you want to model the kit with the outboard track assembly in the towing configuration you will need to box in each side. IX Type 4 Heavy. The O-I (Oi-sensha) was a super-heavy tank prototype designed by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War after the Battles of Nomonhan in 1939. [6], In addition, the terrain of Southeast Asia and the islands of the Pacific were in general not suited to armored warfare, being largely tropical rainforests. This means adding more armour would not increase protection to any significant degree, and thus current development is instead focused on a combination of remaining undetected, interfering with tracking and active counter-measures to neutralize the enemy weapon systems. [40] A total of 104 Type 98s are known to have been built: 1 in 1941, 24 in 1942 and 79 in 1943. "Ultra Heavy Tank": Modification of the O-I Super Heavy Tank with four turrets. The O-I, Japanese Super Heavy Tank. [3] During trials, the gasoline engine of the Vickers C caught fire, leading the Japanese design team to call for a diesel engine for use in indigenous produced tanks. [83], Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office, List of Japanese armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: "The Development of Imperial Japanese Tanks", History of War: Type 98 Chi-Ni Light Tank, History of War: Type 98 Type 2 Ke-To Light Tank, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: "Tanks after Chi-Ha", History of War: Type 4 Chi-To Medium Tank, History of War: Type 5 Chi-Ri Medium Tank, Taki’s Imperial Japanese Army:105mm SP Gun Tank "Ho-Ri", Taki’s Imperial Japanese Army: Super-Heavy Tank "O-I", "Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: Type 2 Amphibious Vehicle "Ka-Mi, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: Type 3 Amphibious Tank "Ka-Chi", Imperial Japanese Army Page - Akira Takizawa, Type 94 Disinfecting and Gas Scattering Vehicle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_tanks_of_World_War_II&oldid=995842942, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 04:56. [44] No Type 2 Ke-To light tanks are known to have engaged in combat prior to Japan's surrender. More MOWAS? [11][12], Development of the first Japanese-designed tank began in June 1925. The O-I had been the first super-heavy tank Japan built. Originally, the tank was to be fitted with the same Type 5 75 mm tank gun used on the Type 4 Chi-To. Incl When I started my Lego MOC building hobby, the O-I was the first set I made. Japan Tankopedia World of Tanks Blitz - learn more about new japanese tanks and artillery that you can find in WoT Blitz America, free mobile military game for ios and android (com) Playlist: http://bit.ly/MOWAS Slickbee: http://bit.ly/SlickPlays Big thanks to Beckett! The top of the Japanese super heavy tank line. New discoveries have changed the story of the O-I significantly. One of the only official illustrations of the O-I concept in existence. In March 1927, the IJA also bought a Vickers Medium C to use for design study. The first had 2 12 cylinder BMW marine engines, with a not functionally cooling system. [56][64] As with many innovative weapons projects launched by Japan in the final months of World War II, production could not advance due to material shortages, and the loss of Japan's industrial infrastructure to the allied bombing of Japan. Aside from the invasion of Malaya, and the Philippines, large-scale Japanese use of tanks was limited during the early years of the war and therefore development of newer designs were not given high priority as the Japanese strategy shifted to a "defensive orientation" after the 1941-42 victories. The Type 95 weighed 7.4 tons and had three crewmen. Since mobility was more important than protection, and the tanks already developed were successful, work on the project was stopped. Tanks designed and produced by Imperial Japan and the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. Nuno Lima joins the MMI team with an experimental Japanese design. - Unlike Type 4 Heavy, hull cheeks are no longer a weakspot, which further improves Type 5's ability to angle its armor, especially … The 20-ton tank underwent field trials, but proved to be under-powered. VIII O-Ho. Doubtlessly, this vehicle is the best piece of this category in Tier III (not because of the qualities it possesses, but because it is the only Heavy Tank … Due to the war with China, Japan produced a large number of tanks. [34][26] Some 3,000 units were produced by Mitsubishi, including several types of specialized tanks. [71] However, the complete development history of the O-I prototype is unknown. Hi . [80], In the period between 1931 and 1938 the Japanese built nearly 1,700 new tanks[24] By 1939, Japan produced 2,020 operational tanks. The O-I (オイ車 Oi-sensha) was a super-heavy tank prototype designed by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War after the Battles of Nomonhan in 1939. [35] This version was designated Shinhoto Chi-Ha ("new turret"). With their defeat by the Soviet Union at Nomonhan in 1939, the Japanese began to rethink their tank designs and doctrine, although their emphasis would continue to remain on supporting the infantry. The Japanese Maus. [1][2] Following the production of their first tanks, the British "Flying Elephant" was designed as a tank that would be resistant to artillery fire. A larger tank design was urgently needed. However, due to the recent HESH nerf, I am unsure whether Type-60 is still a viable option. By 1944, total production of tanks and AFV's had fallen to 925 and for 1945, only 256 were produced. II Ashigaru Te-Ke. The IJA therefore sent a mission to purchase more tanks from Britain and France, requesting newer designs. During World War II all of the major combatants introduced prototypes for special roles. At the same time the weapon development allows for any equal adversary to destroy any target detected and tracked by the wide array of different sensors available. Today I wanted to share something I found from the Japanese National Diet Archive. The T-28 lacked the normal turret and that’s why many classify it among the tank destroyers not a super heavy tank. Return to the World War 2 Tanks by Country Index. Preview of the Japanese Heavy tanks coming in patch 9.10! Tank destroyers are dedicated anti-tank vehicles. Japan Light Tanks I Renault Otsu. Although initially the Japanese used tanks to good effect in their campaigns, full-scale armored warfare did not occur in the Pacific and Southeast Asian theaters as it did in Europe, and tank development was neglected in favor of naval activities. 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